The Role of SMEs in Nigeria Economic Development

The Role of SMEs in Nigeria Economic Development

The Role of SMEs in Nigeria Economic Development

This article review the role of SMEs in Nigeria economic development. Or how the small and medium scale enterprises have contributed to the economic growth in Nigeria; such as employment create, poverty reduction, and industrial development among others.

It is often said by reformers that government should be conducted upon business principles.

This is because the government offers a wealth of data and information about businesses, industries and national economic situations.

Though, “the principles of business have not changed…only the environment of business has”.

Small and Medium sized Enterprises (SMEs) occupy an important position in the economic development of any country, for example is the case of Nigeria.

SMEs hold immense potential for generating employment opportunities, development of indigenous technology, diversification of the economic and forward-integration with established sectors such as banking, telecommunication, oil and gas among others.

By definition, Small and Medium sized Businesses SMEs are seen as the entrepreneurship businesses with small number of employees, small investment capitals, and small annual business turn-over.

Nevertheless, there are great economic importance this section can contribute to the national building as we look at those areas here.



The Role of SMEs in Nigeria Economic Development (China vs. USA)

The Small and Medium sized Enterprises are the backbone of successful economies like the USA, EU and the People Republic of China– where over 43 million small businesses employ more than 50% of the workforce, and generate more than half of the nations’ gross domestic products (GDP).

According to statistical figures showing the importance of Micro, Small and Medium Scale Business MSMEs sector to Nigeria economic growth.

A survey carried out by The Small and Medium Enterprises Development Agency of Nigeria (SMEDAN) in conjunction with National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) in 2013 reveled;

The total number of MSMEs in the country as at 2013 stood at 37,067,416.

With Micro Businesses recording 36,994,578, Small Businesses recording 68,168, and Medium Businesses recording 4,670.

The total number of persons employed by the sector as at December, 2013 stood at 59,741,211, representing 84.02%  of the Nigeria total labour force.

While the Micro, Small and Medium Scale Enterprises contribution to the nation’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in nominal terms stood at 48.47%;

MSMEs’ contribution to exportation also accounted for 7.27%.


The Role of SMEs in Nigeria Economic Development (Job Creation)

As we can see from above, there are over 37 million micro, small and medium enterprises, MSMEs in Nigeria that have employees.

If each firm hired one more employee, we would be out of our current predicament.

This expectation is certainly not misplaced, but would have been more justifiable if an enabling environment can be provided for each of these MSMEs.

You can imagine that over 37 million new jobs will be created by the entire MSMEs in Nigeria by simply creating one extra employment opportunity.

However, the development of a viable and efficient MSMEs sub-sector in Nigeria like other evolving nations is hampered by several constraints over the years.

These constraints include difficulties in marketing and distribution of products, communication problems, lack of investment capitals, and lack of power supply to mention but a few.

Talking about the economic factors affecting businesses in Nigeria, most of these limiting factors are well covered in our future topic below.



Read: 10 Key Factors Affecting the Nigerian Business Entrepreneurs




Wrapping up: The Role of SMEs in Nigeria Economic Development

There is no doubt that small and medium scale enterprises are essential for rapid and sustained economic growth and development of any nation.

The micro, small and medium scale business in Nigerian can be the bedrock to the Economy.

As most economists assert today:

“We will never generate a stable economic recovery from the depths of the “Great Recession” without an energetic response from both small and medium-sized businesses (SMEs)”.

The Nigerian graduates, busy working professional and retirees can no longer rely on salaries, pensions and post service years of unknown future jobs.

There is an urgent need for investment in entrepreneurship, with the prime mandate to breaking the poverty and unemployment cycle in Nigeria.

Government agencies have played and continue to play significant roles in the growth and improvement of SMEs sub-sector in Nigeria, but more efforts are required if we are to achieve success.

SMEs create employment, enhance capacity building for manpower and skills development, promote growth, reduce poverty, and facilitate industrial development. And this is no doubt the role of entrepreneurship in economic development.



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